Female circumcision, the partial or total cutting away of the external female genitalia, has been practiced for centuries in parts of africa, generally as one element of a rite of passage preparing young girls for womanhood and marriage. Female genital mutilation in kenya – in pictures an islamic foundation that runs a mosque and several schools the foundation holds the event in the lunar month of the prophet muhammad's. The history of fgm is not well known but the practice dated back at least 2000 years it is not known when or where the tradition of female genital mutilation originated from.
Particular the adoption of laws criminalising female genital mutilation and sanctioning domestic under customary and islamic laws and women in polygamous relationships have no protection women’s rights in uganda: gaps between policy and practice / 7. Female genital mutilation has been condemned as a violation of internationally protected human rights, yet it continues to be an integral part of many african, asian, and middle eastern cultures. Descriptive ethical relativism describes the fact that in different cultures one of the variants is the sense of morality: the mores, customs and ethical principles may all vary from one culture to another. The practice of male genital mutilation is far older than recorded history certainly, it is far older than the biblical account of abraham (genesis 17) says geographical patterns of global distributions of the male and female genital mutilations among native, non-western peoples, gollaher, david a, circumcision: a history of the.
Two prominent historical examples of body modification are foot-binding and corseting for hundreds of years, foot binding was commonly performed in china on girls, beginning between the ages of 3 and 7 and continuing throughout their lives. “female genital mutilation comprises all procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other. This fact sheet has been updated to include the most current and commonly used terms for female genital cutting (fgc) we are updating the title of this fact sheet and the way we refer to fgc by using the term female genital mutilation or cutting (fgm/c. Female genital mutilation/cutting (gm/c) is a destructive, invasive procedure that is usually performed on girls before puberty as a minimum, part or all of each girl's clitoris or the clitoral hood is surgically removed.
Female genital mutilation is a cultural practice believed to reduce the female libido in cultures where premarital virginity and marital fidelity are a matter involving the family honor, fgm is a way of controlling and ultimately suppressing female sexuality. Yet in countries where it is illegal, such as great britain and the us, mothers from cultures that practice female circumcision will sometimes take their daughters back to their homeland, during a summer school vacation, for example, to have them circumcised. Addressing male circumcision may help dealing with female genital mutilation and other forms of unnecessary female sexual surgery research into this connection is important because these practices adversely affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide.
Female genital mutilation (fgm)2 is the collective name given to several different traditional practices that involve the cutting of female genitals 3 the procedure is commonly performed upon girls. Female genital cutting is a deeply rooted tradition that confers honour on a woman and her family, yet is also a traumatic experience that creates significant dermatological, gynaecological, obstetric and infectious disease complications. Female genital mutilation occurs in non-muslim societies in africa and is practiced by christians, muslims and animists alike in egypt, where perhaps 97 percent of girls suffer genital mutilation, both christian copts and muslims are complicit.
As in many islamic cultures, adult men and women are separated in most spheres of life refugee health - vancouver's somali cultural profile gives a main overview of somalia with a focus on political and health issues references toubia, n, female circumcision as a public health issue nejm , sept 15, 1994, vol 331, no 11, p 712-716. Sex-selective abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy based upon the predicted sex of the infant the selective abortion of female fetuses is most common where male children are valued over female children, especially in parts of east asia and south asia (particularly in countries such as people's republic of china, india and pakistan), as well as in the caucasus, and western balkans. The number of women and girls at risk for female genital mutilation (fgm) in the united states has more than doubled in the past 10 years, according to new figures released on friday. - female genital mutilation in africa ital mutilation in sudan in the country of sudan, in northern africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or fgm, which used to be known as female circumcision.
Health risks of female genital mutilation (fgm) women and girls living with fgm have experienced a harmful practice experience of fgm increases the short and long term health risks to women and girls and is unacceptable from a human rights and health perspective. In contemporary america, hegemonic masculinity is defined by physical strength and bravado, exclusive heterosexuality, suppression of vulnerable emotions such as remorse and uncertainty, economic independence, authority over women and other men, and intense interest in sexual conquest. African rites of passage culture jan 17 it is an old practice erroneously believed by many people to be of israelite or islamic origin, circumcision actually predates the births of jesus christ and muhammad depending on whether the ritualistic surgical operation is performed on a male or a female genital, the word circumcision takes.
It often includes feminist theory, women's history (eg a history of women's suffrage) and social history, women's fiction, women's health, feminist psychoanalysis and the feminist and gender studies-influenced practice of most of the humanities and social sciences. Between 100 million and 140 million women and girls are thought to be living with the consequences of female genital mutilation, according to the world health organisation fgm is defined by the. Female genital mutilation, female circumcision one interpretation of this passage is that the woman was going to proceed with the circumcision anyway muhammad suggested that she remove a smaller amount of her genitalia than she had perhaps intended to.