Sufism (also spelled sufiism) is a muslim mystical movement in which its followers (called sufis, fakirs, or dervishes) seek to find divine truth and love through direct encounters with god. Another practice that is often associated with sufism is the spiritual concert, or listening, samā', in which poetic recitations, music and dances are performed by the participants, sometimes in states of ecstasy and elation. Sober sufism tends to employ prose and to provide rational explications that are ideal for manuals of doctrine and practice and for keeping an eye on the opinions of jurists and kalām the vision and practice of sufism san francisco: harper san francisco, 2007 the wafaʿ ṣūfī order and the legacy of ibn ʿarabi albany, ny, 2004.
Each one of these descriptions refers to a discipline and practice performed by sufis, none embraces the essence of sufism sufism may have been best described in the words of its most mysterious teacher, amir-al-moumenin ali, who has been referred to as vali, the guide, in almost all schools of sufism. Sufism from other religions and finally, how does the evidence for the answers to these questions reflect on the nature of islam itself sufism has influenced many muslims, and is, especially in. The sufi way maintains study and practice circles in england, france, holland, switzerland, germany, canada, and america through its activities it gives special emphasis to bridging the differences that divide one people or religion from another. The practice of sufism is the intention to go towards the truth, by means of love and devotion this is called the tarigat , the spiritual path or way towards god the sufi is one who is a lover of truth, who by means of love and devotion moves towards the truth, towards the perfection which all are truly seeking.
Sufism is an ancient tradition of spiritual development it is widespread at present sufism originated inside islam some sufi teachers-sheikhs say, however, that sufism cannot be limited to a particular religion, historical period, society, or language. Introduction to sufism by dr qadeer shah baig, ra the history and methodology of sufism sufism is an esoteric doctrine transmitted by word of mouth, and sometimes without even a spoken or written each sufi order constituted a focal point of activity, from which sufi. Sufism is islamic mysticism this article provides a description of sufism and information about its history and practice. Sufism: doctrine, order, and practice essay ayoub laissouf sufism introduction beside the exterior cannon law (sharia) exists the interior way (tariqa) of mysticism which is a religious movement within shii and sunni islam whereas the islamic law offers the exoteric path.
Formalization of doctrine (sharia law judges) in courts they held that sufism was never distinct from islam and to fully comprehend and practice sufism one must be an observant muslim a practical introduction to the sufi order, shifâ publishers, 2008, isbn 978-0-9815196-1-6. The body of sufi practice, doctrine, and literature was largely complete by the death of al-ghazali in 1111, but sufi organizations, the sufi orders, emerged only later, mostly during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Sufism is less a doctrine or a belief system than an experience and way of life it is a tradition of enlightenment that carries the essential truth forward through time tradition, however, must be conceived in a vital and dynamic sense.
Sufism: sufism, mystical islamic belief and practice in which muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of god it consists of a variety of mystical paths that are designed to ascertain the nature of humanity and of god and to facilitate the experience. Formalization of doctrine a sufi in ecstasy in a landscape iran, isfahan (c 1650-1660) one of the first to return to europe as an official representative of a sufi order, they held that sufism was never distinct from islam and to fully comprehend and practice sufism one must be an observant muslim. Devotion to muhammad is an exceptionally strong practice within sufism sufis have historically revered muhammad as the prime personality of spiritual greatness.
Sufism - history: islamic mysticism had several stages of growth, including (1) the appearance of early asceticism, (2) the development of a classical mysticism of divine love, and (3) the rise and proliferation of fraternal orders of mystics despite these general stages, however, the history of islamic mysticism is largely a history of individual mystic experience. Mysticism in arabic and islamic philosophy first published sat mar 7, 2009 substantive revision wed apr 13, 2016 avicenna was not a practicing sufi with any known affiliation to a sufi order in fact, (1252–1334 ce) there the use of sufi doctrine, philosophy, and asceticism within a single philosophical paradigm reached its pinnacle. Sufism is less an islamic sect than a mystical way of approaching the islamic faith it has been defined as mystical islamic belief and practice in which muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of god. Sufis and sufism has been subject to destruction of sufi shrines and mosques, suppression of orders and discrimination against adherents in a number of muslim countries where most sufis live the turkish republican state banned all the different sufi orders and closed their institutions in 1925 after sufis opposed the new secular order.
For the first two centuries of islam sufi doctrine and practice was a spontaneous phenomenon which had its beginning in the activity of individuals who themselves were influenced by the earliest believers known as 'ascetics (zuhhad. Practical sufism and philosophical sufism it is easy to think of sufism as an abstract doctrine practical sufism is based on practice while philosophical sufism focuses on the verbal explanation of the practice, history or principles of sufism such explanation, even though useful, yet without doubt, can always be conditional. Sufi practice initiation initiation into a sufi order is seen as a necessary ritual that transmits the spiritual grace (barakah, spiritual power) of the guide (murshid) to the documents similar to sufismpdf abū ʾl-ḥasan al-kharaqānī_eirdocx uploaded by jeremy farrell.
Sufism and the sufi orders islamic mysticism the word sufi is generally assumed to derive from suf (wool), in reference to the simple clothing of the early ascetic mystics it refers to the practice and philosophical tradition in islam that relates to spiritualism and mysticism theological and philosophical basis. Sufism is a well known doctrine which promotes spiritual practice and enrichment of the soul it is known to be the mystical and ascetic approach of islam sufism dates back to the end of the very first millennium. Burckhardt’s little masterpiece, an introduction to sufi doctrine, first published in french in 1959, is a distillation of the essence of sufism, presenting its central doctrines and methods to a western audience in a highly intelligible form.