Socrates the greek philosopher december 14, 2014 phi/105 in the beautiful city of athens, greece, there was a philosopher socrates, and his socratic method, was laid on the groundwork for the western systems of logic and philosophy. A summary of book vi in plato's the republic learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the republic and what it means perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Guardians (philosopher rulers) of plato's republic in many ways, the works of plato regarding justice and virtue represents the zenith of ancient western thought on these subjects, in much the same way that the works of confucius represent the acme of ancient eastern thought on these subjects.
Socrates goes on to argue that the philosopher-rulers of the city, including the female philosopher-rulers, are as happy as human beings can be the best reason for doubting plato’s feminism is provided by those disparaging remarks about women. The republic (greek: πολιτεία, politeia latin: res publica) is a socratic dialogue, written by plato around 380 bc, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state, and the just man it is plato's best-known work, and has proven to be one of the world's most influential works of philosophy and political theory, both intellectually and. According to plato, a philosopher king is a ruler who possesses both a love of knowledge, as well as intelligence, reliability, and a willingness to live a simple life such are the rulers of his utopian city kallipolis. However, in plato’s view, philosopher-rulers do not derive their authority solely from their expert knowledge, but also from their love of the city as a whole and their impartiality and fairness their political authority is not only rational but also substantially moral, based on the consent of the governed.
Plato: the elitist we begin with plato for two reasons first, he vividly represents a possible and important social-political perspective which we might call elitism, rule by a select fewsecond, he is an excellent example of the way in which philosophers have conceived social-political issues not only as a necessary part of the philosophical enterprise but also as closely connected with. For this reason, plato turns his attention to questions about the proper nurture and education of the ruling element of the ideal city, for he must ensure that the ruling element of this society would be predisposed to guarding the proper interests and values of the city. Plato: the republic - the philosopher-king inasmuch as philosophers only are able to grasp the eternal and unchangeable, and those who wander in the region of the many and variable are not philosophers, i must ask you which of the two classes should be the rulers of our state.
If a ruler is wrong, do we (1) do what is the advantage of the ruler or (2) do what the ruler thinks is the advantage of the ruler t argues that rulers can't bee wrong 2. For plato, the ideal city was one which mirrored the kosmos, on the one hand, and the individual on the other as he described in the republic, the ideal city, becoming a philosopher king, or an ideal ruler, involved a rigorous course of study that extended into mid-life. Just city is clearly intended as much more, as a vehicle through which plato can present his political philosophy (cf annas 1999 klosko 2006b) the just city is composed of three classes: rulers, and.
Plato defends rationalism plato was a highly educated athenian philosopher he lived from 428-348 bc plato spent the early portion of his life as a disciple to socrates, which undoubtedly helped shape his philosophical theories. Philosopher king as the embodiment of reason in the city, plato proposes a political state that, despite its ostensible argument for justice and the good, has been criticized as anti-democratic, anti-humanitarian, anti-individualistic, and in short, totalitarian. Remember that one time when a philosopher king ruled the whole world plato lays out the idea of a city state lead by a series of rulers so excellent that in his masterpiece the decline.
If, as i believe it is, the city in thought is a failure, a purposed reductio ad absurdum, and eros is constitutive of humans and cannot be controlled by mathematics (which has a kind of necessity to it), then a democracy is in fact the best (although imperfect human-all-too-human) regime for the politician and the philosopher. Nearly 2,400 years ago, the greek philosophers plato and aristotle explored political philosophy aristotle concluded that it is evident that the form of government is best in which every man, whoever he is, can act best and live happily. The justice of socrates’ philosopher kings 811 responsibility if this is correct, one may find in plato's republic an account of man's ties to political society that is neither biased by the presumptions nor plagued.